- Waiting Times.
- Inappropriate Processing – Too much/not of value.
- Inventory – space (land, building, rent, rates, power, heat, security…), damage, equipment, stock control, time delay, degradation, theft, transport, cost of capital…
- Unnecessary Motion – Movement of operator or things.
- Defects and Rejects.
- Goods or services not meeting needs of costumer.
- Not using the intellect of the employees.